Climate zones of the earth

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00:03 Hey friends, I came here to meet an old friend.

00:07 But my! It’s so hot here.

00:10 Hey, Dr. B there you are.

00:13 Hey, I was just telling my friends how hot it is here.

00:17 Well yes, that’s because we fall under the Torrid Zone.

00:22 Oh, that reminds me, today, I’ll tell you of all the different Climate Zones of the Earth.

00:29 Zoom in.

00:31 The climate zones of Earth, are distinguished by the latitudes that run across the Earth’s surface.

00:38 The most important ones are…

00:41 The Equator.

00:42 Tropic of Cancer.

00:43 Tropic of Capricorn.

00:45 The Arctic Circle.

00:47 And the Antarctic Circle.

00:50 The region between the two tropics, is the Torrid Zone.

00:54 Or the Tropic Zone.

00:56 This is the hottest part of the Earth.

00:58 The Sun’s heat falls directly on this zone, during the Solstice and the Equinoxes.

01:06 Did those words just bounce off your head?

01:09 Solstice and Equinox?

01:12 Well, the time of the year when the Sun passes overhead..

01:16 ..the farthest North, is known as the Summer Solstice.

01:20 It usually takes place on the 22nd of June.

01:25 And the Winter Solstice is when the sun passes farthest South of the Equator.

01:32 Which usually happens on the 22nd of December.

01:36 And an Equinox happens either of the 2 times each year.

01:41 When the sun crosses the Equator and day and night are approximately of equal length..

01:47 ..almost everywhere on Earth.

01:50 Mark the dates, again!

01:52 It usually happens on March 21st and September 23rd.

01:59 The Torrid zone includes, most of Africa, Southern India, Southern Asia, Indonesia..

02:06 New Guinea, Northern Australia, Southern Mexico, Central America, Northern South America.

02:16 Next is the Temperate Zones.

02:18 Which fall between the two tropics.

02:21 And the Arctic Circle in the North.

02:24 And the Antarctic Circle in the South respectively.

02:27 This is the perfect vacation zone.

02:31 As it usually has mild temperatures.

02:34 And enjoys all the 4 seasons, annually.

02:37 Summer Spring Autumn and Winter.

02:41 This is because, in these regions, the sun is never directly overhead.

02:47 These are the regions that fall in the Temperate Zone.

02:51 The North Temperate Zone includes, Great Britain, Europe, Northern Asia,..

02:57 North America and Northern Mexico.

03:01 The South Temperate zone includes Southern Australia, New Zealand,..

03:06 ..Southern South America and South Africa.

03:11 The last of the zones is the other extreme.

03:15 And so it’s called the Frigid Zones.

03:18 It is the coldest part of the planet.

03:21 These zones lie beyond the Arctic and Antarctic circles.

03:26 So, you know they are freezing.

03:30 And even their day-night cycles are super weird.

03:34 That’s right. Sometimes the sun doesn’t rise or set for 24 hours.

03:40 And sometimes, the day is literally one year long.

03:45 With 6 months of daylight and 6 months of night.


03:52 The edges of the Temperate zones are also sometimes referred to..

03:57 the Subtropics, Subarctic, and Subantarctic.

04:03 Aristotle, the ancient Greek Scholar,..

04:05 ..was the first one to come up with the idea of Climate Zones!

04:11 Well friends, now you have a better idea of how the climate of our planet works.

04:18 And seeing how the climates are getting all Topsy- turvey, these days,…

04:23 You know where it might be going wrong.

04:27 So, tune in next time for more fun facts!

04:30 This is me zooming out.

04:33 Hey kids, you liked my videos, didn’t you?

04:37 Before you go, don’t forget to click on the subscribe button and the bell.

04:42 So you won’t miss out on my latest videos.

04:47 See you.




  1. What is the hottest part of the Earth? (00:56)
  2. When does Summer Solstice take place usually? (01:20)
  3. What happens to the length of day and night when the Sun crosses the Equator? (01:41)
  4. When does Equinox happen? (01:52)
  5. What is the feature of the Temperate Zone(02:41)
  6. What is the coldest part of the Earth? (03:15)
  7. What’s the length of night and daylight in Frigid Zone? (03:45)
  8. Who was the first one to come up with the idea of Climate Zones? (04:03)



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